Where Do Uniform Laws Come from

Proposals for a new uniform law or model law are considered by the Scope and Programme Committee, which welcomes proposals from the organized Bar Association, government agencies, private interest groups, single legal commissioners and individuals. It may assign a proposed topic to a study committee, which reviews and researches the proposal and reports to the scope and program committee. The Scope and Program Branch forwards its recommendations to the Executive Committee. When a recommendation to create or amend a legal act is adopted, an editorial board is selected and a journalist/editor – an expert in the field – is recruited. Participating advisors and observers are invited to assist each drafting committee. As interstate trade and individual movements have increased in the United States, the perceived need for greater uniformity of laws on specific issues has increased. One response to this need is to enact federal legislation on the subject (e.g., the Federal Securities Act of 1933). Another approach, known as “uniform state laws,” involves the adoption of identical or similar laws by all states. It dates back to the late nineteenth century.

The UIFSA provides universal and uniform rules for the enforcement of family support orders by establishing basic standards of jurisdiction for state courts, establishing the basis for the exercise of one state`s continuing jurisdiction over child support proceedings, and establishing rules for varying or refusing to vary another state`s support order. The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Support extends similar rules of jurisdiction and enforcement in an international context; U.S. membership in this international mechanism requires a change in UIFSA. The U.S. Senate approved the Hague Convention in 2009. However, the United States will not comply with the Convention until the underlying laws of the states (particularly the UIFSA) change in all 50 states. In accordance with the 1961 and 1981 AMPAs, the 2010 revision provides for a uniform minimum set of procedures to be followed by organizations subject to the Act. The 2010 Act only creates procedural rights and imposes only procedural obligations. Throughout the 2010 Act, the provisions generally refer to other state laws that govern related matters. If certain state laws do not comply with the provisions of the 2010 law, those specific laws will prevail.

The work of the Commission for the Harmonisation of Laws simplifies the legal life of businesses and citizens by establishing rules and procedures that are consistent from one state to another. The ULC works effectively for all states, not only because individual lawyers are willing to give their time to the uniform law movement, but also because it is a genuine cooperative effort by all states. More than a century after its creation, ULC continues to be a good idea. The states chose to keep the ULC because it was useful to their citizens and because it strengthens the states in the federal system of government. Different laws in different states are always a problem. Either the states solve the problem or the problems are sent back to Congress. The Commission for the Harmonization of Laws remains committed to preserving the independence of States while establishing a unified legal system for the nation. For each section of a uniform statute, the following items are generally provided: While consistency was the original goal of the law harmonization process overseen by the NCUSL, over time, the revision or reform of the Act has also become an important objective. Legislative issues where differences from one State to another did not pose a serious problem for business or inter-State mobility, but where State laws were judged by legal experts to be in need of reform, were the subject of uniform laws. To the extent that some actions are justified by this broader objective, their inability to be widely accepted or to resist state-to-state pressures provides a less solid basis for assessing success.

Indeed, such efforts can reasonably be considered successful when a unified law is only one of many proposals that catalyze and shape legislative reform. With this in mind, the Uniform Real Estate and Tenant Act could be considered a fair success, despite its relatively limited adoption. For the more than 300 uniform legal commissioners, there is only one basic requirement: they must be members of the Bar Association. While some commissioners serve as state legislators, most are practitioners, judges, and law professors. They serve under certain conditions and do not receive a salary or honorarium for their work with ULC. The Uniform Law on Electronic Legal Equipment (UELMA) aims to provide a clear answer to the question of who is the official publisher of a particular government law and how official publishers can authenticate the fact that a particular electronic document is in fact the official document for quotation and other purposes. At the very least, the constitution of the State, laws of session, codified laws or statutes and rules of State authority having legal effect are covered. In addition, states may include court rules and decisions, decisions of state administrative authorities with precedent, or other state-level legal documents.

ULC procedures ensure careful scrutiny of each uniform and standard legal act. ULC typically spends at least two years on each design, although design work sometimes takes much longer. No single State has the resources to replicate this meticulous, diligent and impartial effort. At that time, the law will be formally promulgated for review by the states and territories. Legislators are encouraged to adopt uniform laws exactly as written, in order to “promote uniformity of the law among the jurisdictions that enact the law.” Model laws are intended to serve as guidelines for laws that states and territories may enact or adapt to their individual needs and conditions. A popular example of a widely accepted uniform law is the Model Penal Code. This specific law was not proposed by the NCCUSL, but by the American Law Institute (ALI). The Model Penal Code helps unite States in the creation of criminal laws. It makes proposals on legal issues and reforms, although the Code itself does not technically have the force of law. The library holds the annual manual and conference proceedings from 1892 to 1994 (KF 165.

A2). The manual contains a multitude of documents.